The aim of this paper is to examine comparatively the diversity of women’s experiences of political violence in the Hispanic World by means of an exploration of the different manipulation and subversion strategies of traditional female roles put to use in the authoritarian regimes in Spain and the Southern Cone. The paper will offer an overview of these strategies, understood as strategies of resistance and resilience, in order to construct a paradigm which will aid to explain and contextualise the modes of memory transmission as clear acts of resistance and survival at times of political upheaval.
Using a two-pronged approach based on Todorov’s classification of anti-memory strategies on the one hand, and the Foucaultian concept of counter-memory, the paper will focus on a number of different types of narratives, from the testimonial text (Juana Doña, Alicia Kozameh, Alicia Partnoy),to other forms of representation, including audiovisual materials (a selection of short films by Laly Zambrano, Amanda Castro and Carolina Astudillo) and other artistic/folkloric practices, from different periods up to the present day in order to outline the trajectory in the development of continuity between the diverse narratives of resistance aforementioned.
The paper will thus explore the importance and intersections between genre and gender in the transmission of narratives of resistance in its diverse forms, paying special attention to the strategies which contribute to the construction of women as historical and political subjects with the aim of re-inscribing them into historical and political narratives.
Thus, the proposed study responds directly to Marianne Hirsch’s call to “mobilize the textual, historical, theoretical, and activist work we do as teachers and scholars of languages and literatures to shape conversations about broad social and political problems.”
Cinta Ramblado Minero is senior lecturer in Spanish and Head of the School of Modern Languages and Applied Linguistics at the University of Limerick, Ireland. Her research focuses on the relationship between gender, memory and representation, especially in contemporary Spain. She has a number of publications in this area in international journals and has contributed to interdisciplinary volumes devoted to issues of memory and representation (Brill, Comares, Peter Lang, and the University Press of Florida amongst others).